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History of the Pug

History of The Pug

The Pug is a small dog breed that has become incredibly popular around the world due to its distinctive features, charming personality, and loyal disposition. But where did this lovable little dog come from and what is its history? In this article, we will explore the origins of the Pug, its evolution over time, and some of the most famous Pugs throughout history.


Origins of the Pug

The exact origin of the Pug breed is uncertain, but it is believed to have originated in China during the Han Dynasty over 2,000 years ago. It is thought that Chinese breeders crossbred smaller breeds such as the Pekingese and the Shih Tzu to create a small, sturdy lapdog with a unique wrinkled face and curled tail. These ancient Pugs were known as "Lo-Sze" or "Foo Dogs" and were often kept by Chinese emperors as companions and guard dogs.


The first documentation of the Pug in Europe dates back to the 16th century, when Dutch traders brought the breed back from their travels to China. The breed quickly gained popularity in Europe, particularly among wealthy families, and became a symbol of wealth and luxury.


Evolution of the Pug

Over time, the Pug breed evolved and became more refined. In the 18th century, British breeders began to breed Pugs for their distinctive appearance, with shorter muzzles and larger eyes. This led to some health problems, however, as the shape of the Pug's face made it difficult for them to breathe properly, causing respiratory issues.


In the early 20th century, a group of Pug enthusiasts in England established the Pug Dog Club with the aim of breeding Pugs for health and temperament rather than just appearance. This led to the development of a new breed standard that placed more emphasis on the dog's health and well-being.


Today, Pugs are recognized as a unique and distinct breed by most dog associations around the world. They are popular as family pets, and their charming personalities and affectionate nature make them a beloved companion for people of all ages.


Famous Pugs

Throughout history, there have been many famous Pugs who have captured the hearts of people around the world. Here are just a few of them:


1. Pompey - Pompey was the beloved Pug of Prince William of Orange, who took him with him to the Battle of Boyne in 1690. Pompey was said to have been so loyal to his owner that he refused to leave his side even when under attack, ultimately losing his life during the battle.


2. Mops - Mops was the Pug of Marie Antoinette, the Queen of France. She reportedly loved him so much that she refused to be separated from him, even taking him with her to her trial and execution.


3. Looney - Looney was the Pug of actor and comedian Tracey Ullman. She often featured Looney in her sketches and even wrote a children's book, "The Tale of a Dog Named Pug," which tells the story of Looney's adventures.


4. Frank - Frank is the Pug of fashion designer Valentino Garavani, who is often seen with the designer at fashion events and on the runway.


5. Doug the Pug - Doug is a modern-day Pug celebrity, with his own Instagram account and millions of followers. He is known for his adorable costumes and hilarious photos, and has even released a book called "Doug the Pug: The King of Pop Culture."


The Pug is a breed with a rich and fascinating history that spans thousands of years. From ancient China to modern-day Instagram, Pugs have captured the hearts of people around the world with their unique appearance and charming personalities. Whether they are guarding an emperor or lounging on a couch, Pugs have always been beloved companions and are sure to continue amazing and delighting their owners for generations to come.

  • Average Height (adult): 17-20 inches

  • Average Weight (adult): 50-80 pounds

  • Lifespan: 11-14 years

  • Exercise: 35+ min/day

  • Grooming needs: Low

  • Family-friendly: Yes

  • Dog-friendly: Yes

  • Trainability: Easy - Moderate

  • Average Height (adult): 16-17 inches

  • Average Weight (adult): 40-55 pounds

  • Lifespan: 8-10 years

  • Exercise: 30 min/day

  • Grooming needs: Low 

  • Family-friendly: Yes

  • Dog-friendly: Often

  • Trainability: Easy - Moderate

English Bulldog or OEB, How to choose

Whether you choose an olde English Bulldogge or a more traditional English Bulldog depends largely on your individual preferences and situation. Olde English Bulldogge, although growing fast in popularity, are still  more rare and it may be harder to find a reputable breeder. However, doing your do diligence and research to find a quality Olde English Bulldogge will end up paying of in the long run. A well bred Olde English Bulldogge tends to require far fewer veterinary visits than English Bulldogs due to their improved health and upgraded physique. Therefore, unless you just really prefer the look of an English Bulldog or have trouble finding a breeder in the area, there is really no reason not to go with an Olde English Bulldogge over the traditional version.

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